Bitcoin was created by a pseudonymous developer, or group of developers, named Satoshi Nakamoto. The identity of Nakamoto is unknown to this day, making them one of the most famous unknown people in the world. While Nakamoto interacted heavily with developers to help guide and build Bitcoin in its early days, they completely disappeared in 2011, with their last known communication coming in April 2011.
Nakamoto claimed to be of Japanese origin, born on April 5, 1975. On April 5, 1933, the U.S. government, through Executive Order 6102, outlawed individual gold storage to prop up the demand for the U.S. dollar and reduce demand for gold. 1975 was the year in which the executive order was reversed.
People doubt the person behind Nakamoto was Japanese due to their native-level understanding of the English language. Nakamoto also preferred working hours which were more consistent with the U.K. time zone than that of any Asian country.
On October 31, 2008, Nakamoto published the original Bitcoin white paper, describing their blueprint for a “A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System.” In January 2009 they released version 0.1 of the source code and launched the cryptocurrency by mining the genesis block.
Hal Finney (May 4, 1956 to August 28, 2014) was a cryptographic pioneer and the first person other than Satoshi to publicly use the software and file bug reports. Finney also lived a few blocks away from a man named Dorian Nakamoto, who was mistakenly accused by Newsweek of being Satoshi Nakamoto in 2014.
The writing analysis consultancy Juola & Associates compared a sample of Finney's writing to Nakamoto’s and found that it was the closest resemblance it had yet come across. However, Juola & Associates also found that Nakamoto's emails to Finney more closely resemble Nakamoto's other writings than Finney's do.
Szabo is a decentralized currency enthusiast and published a paper on "bit gold," which was one of the precursors of Bitcoin. In a May 2011 article, Szabo stated regarding the Bitcoin creator: "Myself, Wei Dai, and Hal Finney were the only people I know of who liked the idea (or in Dai's case his related idea) enough to pursue it to any significant extent until Nakamoto.”
In December 2013, a blogger named Skye Grey linked Szabo to the Bitcoin white paper by analyzing the white paper and conducting an open-ended search of articles on the web. Szabo’s bit gold articles came up as the closest matches to the writing style used in the Bitcoin white paper.
Szabo, however, has denied being Nakamoto.
Craig Wright is NOT Satoshi Nakamoto, no matter what he says. He is a fraud.